Lesson 1: Greetings and Introductions





Initial Conversation and Training

Play the audio below. While listening to the audio you can scroll down the page and follow along with the instructor.

Transcript of the Opening Training Section for Lesson 1

In the following conversation, the Turners have run into Mrs. Cruz. Listen as they exchange greetings and Bob Turner introduces his wife.

Gng. Cruz: Magandang gabi po.
(Good evening.)

Bob Turner: Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo?
(Good evening (too), Mrs. Cruz. How are you?)

Gng. Cruz: Mabuti po naman, at kayo?
(Quite well, and you?)

Bob Turner: Mabuti po naman. Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.
(Quite well, Mrs, Cruz, this is Anne, my wife.)

Gng. Cruz: Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.
(I’m pleased to meet you, Mrs. Turner.)

Anne Turner: Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.
(I’m also pleased to meet you, Mrs. Cruz.)

Now, let’s practice speaking. Listen to how Mrs. Cruz greets Bob Turner.

Magandang gabi po.

REPEAT

Magandang
Magandang

Magandang gabi po.
Magandang gabi po.

Po, is roughly equivalent to sir or ma’am and is added for politeness , particularly when addressing strangers, persons of higher rank or status or older people.

Bob responds with “Good evening too Mrs. Cruz”, listen
Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz.

Then, he adds, “How are you?”
Kumusta po kayo?

REPEAT

Kumusta po kayo?
Kumusta po kayo?

Ginang Cruz.

Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz.
Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz.

Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo?
Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo?

The equivalent of “quite well” is “Mabuti po naman.”

at kayo?” is “and you?

REPEAT

Mabuti
Mabuti

Mabuti po naman.
Mabuti po naman.

Mabuti po naman, at kayo?
Mabuti po naman, at kayo?

Bob says that he is quite well too, and goes on to introduce his wife.
Mabuti po naman. Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.

Maybahay” is “wife

REPEAT

Maybahay
Maybahay

“My wife” is “Maybahay ko

REPEAT

Maybahay ko
Maybahay ko

“This is Anne” is “Ito po si Anne

REPEAT

Ito po si Anne
Ito po si Anne

ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.
ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.

Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.
Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.

Mrs. Cruz responds,
Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.

Roughly equivalent to “I’m pleased to meet you Mrs. Turner”.

LISTEN

Ikinagagalak

REPEAT

galak
gagalak
nagagalak
ikinagagalak

Ikinagagalak kong
makila kayo

Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.
Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.

Mrs. Turner responds,
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.

Which is similar to, “I am also pleased to meet you Mrs. Cruz.”

LISTEN AND REPEAT

Nagagalak din po akong
Nagagalak din po akong

makilala kayo
makilala kayo

Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.

Now, listen once again to the entire conversation. Repeat each line during the pause.

Magandang gabi po.
(Good evening.)

Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo? (Good evening (too), Mrs. Cruz. How are you?)

Mabuti po naman, at kayo?
(Quite well, and you?)

Mabuti po naman. Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko. (Quite well, Mrs, Cruz, this is Anne, my wife.)

Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.
(I’m pleased to meet you, Mrs. Turner.)

Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.
(I’m also pleased to meet you, Mrs. Cruz.)

Exercise 1: Expand on the Conversation

Now let’s practice and expand on the conversation.

Listen and repeat the greetings for other times of the day.

Magandang umaga. (Good morning)
Magandang umaga. 

Magandang tanghali. (Good noon time)
Magandang tanghali.

Magandang hapon. (Good afternoon)
Magandang hapon.

Magandang araw. (Good day)
Magandang araw.

Magandang gabi. (Good evening)
Magandang gabi.

When responding to a greeting, you add “naman” which means “also”, and you would add “po” for politeness.

Exercise 2: Respond to Greetings

Respond to the greetings you hear.

For example, if you hear, “Magandang umaga po“, you say “Magandang umaga po naman“.

You will then hear the correct response.

As you do this exercise, be sure of what you are saying by picturing each time of the day.

Ready?

Magandang umaga po.
Magandang umaga po naman.

Magandang tanghali po.
Magandang tanghali po naman.

Magandang hapon po.
Magandang hapon po naman.

Magandang araw po.
Magandang araw po naman.

When greeting someone, or responding to a greeting, you can also add the person’s name or rank.

Exercise 3: Ranks

Listen and repeat these ranks

tinyente (lieutenant)
kapitan (captain)
medyor (major)
koronel (colonel)
komander (commander)
admiral (admiral)
sarhento (sergeant)

Exercise 4: Practice Greetings

You will practice saying “Good day” to a few people using their ranks.

For example, if you hear “Lieutenant”,  say “Magandang araw po, Tinyente.”

Ready?

Captain
Magandang araw po, Kapitan.

Sergeant
Magandang araw po, Sarhento.

Lieutenant
Magandang araw po, Tinyente.

Admiral
Magandang araw po, Admiral.

Colonel
Magandang araw po, Koronel.

Major
Magandang araw po, Medyor.

You already know that the word for Mrs. is “Ginang.”

The word for Mr. is “Ginoo.” and Miss is “Binibini.”

When these two words are used with names a linker, “ng” is added.
The linker connects words that form a phrase.

REPEAT

Ginoong Cruz
Ginoong Cruz

Binibining Reyes
Binibining Reyes

Mr. and Mrs. would be “Ginoo at Ginang“.

REPEAT

Ginoo at Ginang Cruz.
Ginoo at Ginang Cruz.

Note that “Ginang” (Mrs.) remains the same, with or without names.

Exercise 5: More Greetings Practice

You will greet some people by name at around noon.

Remember, “po” is used when addressing strangers, people of higher rank or status, or older people.

When greeting someone of your own age, it is customary to use “sa iyo” (to you).

For this exercise, if you hear a first name, use “sa iyo“.

For example, if you hear “Juan“, say “Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Juan.”

But, if you hear “Ginang Cruz“, say “Magandang tanghali po Ginang Cruz.”

Let’s begin.

Maria
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Juan

Bb. Gomez
Magandang tanghali po, Binibining Gomez.

G. Ramirez
Magandang tanghali po, Ginoong Cruz.

Pedro
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Pedro.

Jose
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Jose.

Gng. Ruiz
Magandang tanghali po, Ginang Ruiz

Paulita
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Paulita.

Exercise 6: Greet One or More Persons

Another way to greet one person formally is to add “sa inyo“, the plural of “sa iyo“.

REPEAT
sa inyo

This is also used to greet more than one person. If you’re greeting several people you can add “lahat” which means “all”.

Magandang umaga sa inyong lahat.

Notice when followed by another word, “inyo” adds the linker “ng“.

REPEAT

inyong lahat
inyong lahat

Magandang umaga sa inyong lahat.
Magandang umaga sa inyong lahat.

How would you say “Good morning” to someone older or higher in rank?

Magandang umaga sa inyo.

Now, suppose you come into your office and you want to greet three or four people who are already there. What do you say?

If you said, “Magandang umaga sa inyong lahat.”, you are correct.

Say in Tagalog the greetings you see in you book. For example:

If you read, “Good morning Mrs. Ruiz.” say, “Magandang umaga po Ginang Ruiz.”

or, if she’s much older than you, “Magandang umaga sa inyo Ginang Ruiz.

Let’s begin with the first greeting.

Good noon, Carlos.
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Carlos.

Good evening, Mr. Cruz.
Magandang gabi po, Ginoong Cruz.
(or “Magandang gabi sa inyo Ginoong Cruz“)

Good afternoon, Pacita.
Magandang hapon sa iyo, Pacita.

Good day, Miss Ramirez.
Magandang araw po, Binibining Ramirez.

Good evening, Lieutenant.
Magandang gabi po, Tinyente.

Good afternoon, Ana.
Magandang hapon sa iyo, Ana.

Good noon, Sergeant.
Magandang tanghali po, Sarhento.

Good evening to you all.
Magandang gabi sa inyong lahat.

Remember how to say “How are you”?

Kumusta po kayo.

You can also say

Kumusta ka?

Repeat

Kumusta ka?
Kumusta ka?

Ka“, the less formal form of “you” is used when you are speaking to someone about your own age or lower in rank.

Exercise 7: How Are You?

Let’s practice saying “Good morning” and “How are you?”.

For example, if you hear “Lieutenant”, you say, “Magandang umaga sa inyo Tinyente

If you hear a first name, like “Lydia”, you say “Magandang umaga sa iyo, Lydia. Kumusta ka?

When you hear a first name, use the less formal form.

Ready?

Rebecca
Magandang umaga sa iyo, Rebecca. Kumusta ka?

Miguel
Magandang umaga sa iyo, Miguel. Kumusta ka?

Mrs. Garcia
Magandang umaga po, Ginang Garcia. Kumusta po kayo?

Sergeant Santos
Magandang umaga po, Sarhento. Kumusta po kayo?

Pacita
Magandang umaga sa iyo, Pacita. Kumusta ka?

Mr. Abrera
Magandang umaga po, Ginoong Abrera. Kumusta po kayo?

Exercise 8: Practice Time of Day Greetings

Say the following sentences in Tagalog.

Good morning, Mrs. Paraiso. How are you?
Magandang umaga po, Ginang Paraiso. Kumusta po kayo?

Good afternoon, Roberto. How are you?
Magandang hapon sa iyo, Roberto. Kumusta ka?

Good noon, Miss Ruiz. How are you?
Magandang tanghali po, Binibining Ruiz. Kumusta po kayo?

Good evening, Captain. How are you?
Magandang gabi po, Kapitan. Kumusta po kayo?

Good day, Tomas. How are you?
Magandang araw sa iyo, Tomas. Kumusta ka?

The answer to “Kumusta po kayo” or to “Kumusta ka” is “Mabuti po naman” or “Mabuti naman“.

Exercise 9: Responding to Time of Day Greetings

Listen carefully to the greetings and respond accordingly.

For example, if you hear, “Magandang umaga po. Kumusta po kayo?

You say “Mabuti po naman.

If you hear, “Magandang gabi sa iyo. Kumusta ka?“, you say “Mabuti naman.

Ready?

Magandang umaga po. Kumusta po kayo?
Mabuti po naman.

Magandang gabi po. Kumusta po kayo?
Mabuti po naman.

Magandang hapon sa iyo. Kumusta ka?
Mabuti naman.

Magandang tanghali po. Kumusta po kayo?
Mabuti po naman.

Magandang araw sa iyo. Kumusta ka?
Mabuti naman.

Magandang gabi sa iyo. Kumusta ka?
Mabuti naman.

Magandang hapon po. Kumusta po kayo?
Mabuti po naman.

Exercise 10: Using Asawa for Husband or Wife


In the conversation, Bob Turner introduces his wife by saying, “Ito po sa Anne, maybahay ko.

The word for husband is “asawa“.

REPEAT

asawa
asawa

So if Anne were introducing her husband Bob, she would say, “Ito po si Bob, asawa ko.

Asawa” is also used colloquially for “wife”, and is much more common than the more formal “maybahay“.

The word for friend is, “kaibigan“.

REPEAT

kaibigan
kaibigan

How would you introduce Tom, your friend?

Ito po si Tom, kaibigan ko.

“I” is “ako“. So to introduce yourself you say, “Ako po si..” and your name.

Listen and repeat these sentences.

Ito po si Mary, maybahay ko.
Ito po si Peter, asawa ko.
Ito po si Ellen, asawa ko.
Ito po si Frank Olson, kaibigan ko.
Ito po si G. Cruz.
Ito po si Bb. Paraiso.

Exercise 11: Practice Introducing Others

Introduce the following people.

Carl, your husband
Ito po si Carl, asawa ko.

Tony Johnson, your friend
Ito po si Tony Johnson, kaibigan ko.

LT Miller, your friend
Ito po si Tinyente Miller, kaibigan ko.

yourself
Ako po si _________.
(You should have said “Ako po si…“, and your name.)

Karen, your wife
Ito po si Karen, asawa ko.

Exercise 12: Alternate Word for My

The word for “my” has two forms.

ko” when used after a noun, as in “asawa ko“, and “aking” when used in front of a noun as in “aking asawa“.

Notice also that the name can come first or second, just as in English.

This is Alicia, my wife.
Ito si Alicia, asawa ko.

Or

This is my wife, Alicia.
Itong aking asawa, si Alicia.

Listen, and repeat these sentences.

Ito si Alicia, asawa ko.
Ito ang asawa ko, si Alicia.
Ito si Alicia, aking asawa.
Ito ang aking asawa, si Alicia.

Exercise 13: Respond to Introductions

When someone is introduced to you, you can simply say “Kumusta po kayo?”
or
“Ikinagagaak kong makilala kayo”

Several people will introduce themselves saying that they are happy to meet you.

Respond that you are also pleased, addressing each person by name.

For example, if you hear:
Ako po si Kapitan Juan Santos. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.

You say:
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Kapitan Santos.

Are you ready?

Ako po si Tinyente Fidel Corona. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Tinyente Corona.

Ako po si Kapitan Ridon. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Kapitan Ridon.

Ako po si Medyor Parado. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Medyor Parado.

Ako po si Rafael Aquino. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginoong Aquino.

Ako po si Alicia Lazaro. Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Lazaro.

or

Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Binibining Lazaro.

Note that it is considered presumptuous to introduce themselves with Mr., Mrs. or Miss.

When a woman introduces herself using her first and last name, you can address her as either Miss, or Misses, you’ll be corrected if you guess wrong.

Exercise 14: Listening Comprehension Practice

Listen to the following conversation. See how much you can understand.

Gloria: Magandang araw po, Ginang Turner.
Gng. Turner: Magandang araw sa iyo, Gloria. Kumusta ka?
Gloria: Mabuti po naman. Ginang Turner, ito po si Rosa, kaibigan ko.
Rosa: Nagagalak po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.
Gng. Turner: Kumusta ka, Rosa?

Initial Conversation with Pauses

Lesson 1 Conversation with Pauses and no English

Magandang gabi po.
Magandang gabi po naman, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo?
Mabuti po naman, at kayo?
Mabuti po naman. Ginang Cruz, ito po si Anne, maybahay ko.
Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginang Turner.
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo, Ginang Cruz.

Lesson 1 Self Evaluation Quiz

This is the self evaluation quiz. You will hear twelve situations. Respond to each situation during the pause provided. Then, listen for the response.

SITUATION 1: You are attending a party in the evening with your wife, Rose. You see Colonel Cabot. Greet him and introduce your wife to him.

Magandang gabi po, Kolonel Cabot. Ito po si Rose, maybahay ko. (or “Ito po si Rose, asawa ko.“)

SITUATION 2: You run into Mrs. Cruz one afternoon. How would you greet her?

Magandang hapon po, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo? (Or “Magandang araw po, Ginang Cruz. Kumusta po kayo?“)

SITUATION 3: You are Captain Turner and I am Colonel Cabral. It is noontime. Greet me and introduce yourself.
Magandang tanghali po Kolonel Cabral. Ako po si Kapitan Turner.

SITUATION 4: You meet Mr. and Mrs. Cruz in the morning. How would you greet them?
Magandang umaga po Ginoo at Ginang Cruz.

SITUATION 5: How would you say “How are you?” to the following people?

First, to Mr. Ramos
Kumusta po kayo, Ginoong Ramos?

Now, Mrs. Cruz
Kumusta po kayo, Ginang Cruz?

Miss Reyes
Kumusta po kayo, Binibining Reyes?

Teresa
Kumusta ka, Teresa?

Carlos
Kumusta ka, Carlos?

SITUATION 6: You would like to introduce yourself and your wife, Rose. What do you say?
Ako po si _(your name)__. Ito po si Rose, maybahay ko. (or “Ito po si Rose, asawa ko.“)

SITUATION 7: You have just been introduced to Mr. Cruz’s father. Tell him you are pleased to meet him.
Ikinagagalak kong makilala kayo, Ginoong Cruz.

SITUATION 8: You would like to introduce your friend Tom to Miss Paraiso. What would you say to Miss Paraiso?
Binibining Paraiso, ito po si Tom, kaibigan ko.

SITUATION 9: You meet your friend Carlos around lunch time. Greet him and ask, “How are you?”
Magandang tanghali sa iyo, Carlos. Kumusta ka?

SITUATION 10: You come into the office in the morning and see your secretary, Teresa. Greet her.
Magandang umaga sa iyo, Teresa. Kumusta ka?

SITUATION 11: As you walk into Lt. Santo’s office he says, “Kumusta po kayo?” How do you respond?
Mabuti po naman, at kayo?

SITUATION 12: You have just been introduced to Mrs. Santos and she says “Ikinagagalak makilala kayo.” How would you respond?
Nagagalak din po akong makilala kayo.

This concludes the self-evaluation quiz.

This also concludes lesson 1. If you feel you are ready, advance to lesson 2. You don’t need to be perfect. If you would rate yourself at 80% or above, go ahead and move to the next lesson.

Remember, make it fun! Enjoy the ride. Don’t be too hard on yourself. Relax and enjoy the sounds of Tagalog, enjoy the small accomplishments.

Practice what you are learning even when you are away from your computer. Practice your greetings to others or even to your dog or cat! Practice saying the things you learned in the lesson while taking a shower or while preparing dinner. Enjoy it! Make if fun and part of your routine.



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