Learn Tagalog Lesson 1-2

Common Greetings Based on Time of Day

One of the interesting things for English speakers as they learn Tagalog is the greeting for Noon-time (Magandang tanghali). In English, we don’t have such a greeting. We of course might say something like “Enjoy your lunch!”. Masarap! (delicious!).

Practice the words for morning, noon, afternoon and evening. Try to feel comfortable with the words and expressions of greetings. They should come naturally, and they will with practice. One note about Magandang gabi (Good evening). It isn’t used for saying “Good night” as we would in English. It is a greeting, not a way to say good-bye. There really isn’t a way to say “Good night” as you are leaving. We will be using other ways to say “good-bye” as we progress.

Magandang umaga. Good morning.
Magandang tanghali Good noon-time.
Magandang tanghali Good noon-time.
Magandang hapon. Good afternoon.
Magandang araw. Good day.
Magandang gabi. Good evening.
Magandang umaga po naman. Good morning too.
Magandang umaga po. Good morning.
Magandang umaga po naman. Good morning too.
Magandang tanghali po. Good noon-time.
Magandang tanghali po naman. Good noon-time too.
Magandang hapon po. Good afternoon.
Magandang hapon po naman. Good afternoon too.
Magandang araw po. Good day.
Magandang araw po naman. Good day too.

Some Military Ranks and How to Say them in Tagalog

This course was originally developed to help soldiers and sailors learn the language before being stationed in the Philipppines. Thus, you will see references to military ranks and the locations around the now closed Subic Naval Base, and Clark Airbase. The U.S. Navy and Air Force no longer have bases in the Philippines. I toured the old Clark Airbase (now named the Clark Special Economic Zone). I really enjoyed the tour of the place. I also spent a day picnicking and swimming at one of the beaches along Subic Bay. The water was so warm! I loved it.

tinyente Lieutenant
kapitan Captain
medyor Major
koronel Colonel
komander Commander
admiral Admiral
sarhento Sargeant

Using the Military Ranks in Common Greetings

Notice the “respect marker” po being used in these greetings. You can think of the word po as meaning “sir” or “ma’am”.

Magandang araw po tinyente. Good morning Lieutenant
Magandang araw po kapitan. Good morning Captain.
Magandang araw po sarhento. Good day sargeant.
Magandang araw po tinyente. Good day Lieutenant.
Magandang araw po admiral Good day Admiral.
Magandang araw po kolonel Good day Colonel.
Magandang araw po medyor. Good day Major.

Mister, Misses, Miss

Not that Ginang (Mrs.) is abbreviated Gng., Ginoo (Mr.) is abbreviated G. and Binibini is Bb. A linker, ng is added to Ginoo (Mr.) and Binibini (Miss) when used with names. For example: Ginoong Cruz and Binibining Reyes. However, Ginang (Mrs.) remains the same with or without names. Examples: Ginang Cruz and Ginoo at Ginang.

Ginoo (G.) Mr.
Binibini (Bb.) Miss.
Ginoong Cruz Mr. Cruz
Binibining Reyes Miss Reyes.
Ginoo at Ginang Mr. and Mrs.
Ginoo at Ginang Cruz Mr. and Mrs. Cruz